Please try again later. He often speaks from firsthand experience gleaned from his extensive travels, and supplements where necessary with secondary sources, always carefully distinguishing the two. Cleomenes raises an army and invades Attica, reaching Eleusis; at the same time the Boiotians and Chalcidians attack from the north (74). An illustration of a magnifying glass. The Thebans interpret an oracle as instructing them to ask the Aiginetans for aid; the Aiginetans promise to send the Aeacidae to help them (79-80). After a failed first attack, one of them, a man named Clisthenes, bribed It is the book of Herodotus—itself a The English Patient Study Guide - Chapter IX Herodotus, he gracefully declined to give it to her, as his notes were in it. Herodotus has a wonderful, gossipy style that makes reading these histories more fun than studying the rise of the Persian Empire and its clash with Greece—however, that’s exactly what readers will do in this engaging history, which is full of interesting digressions and asides. After this success, the Greeks decide to leave the mountains and to descend into the plain between the river Asopus and a small town called Plataea (see picture), where a large source will refresh them. Cambyses becomes king of the Persian Empire (530-522 BC). The reason I reached… How the poet Alcaeus lost his shield in this battle, and wrote a poem about it; arbitration between Athens and Mytilene by Periander of Corinth (95). Two versions of subsequent events: the Athenians say they went to Aigina with one trireme, and while dragging the statues away suffered a storm and an earthquake, and killed each other in the confusion, all but one man; this man made it back to Phaleron, but there was killed by the wives of those he had left behind, who stabbed him with their dress-pins, which is why the Athenian women now wear dresses without pins (85, 87-88). and the Greeks. The History of Herodotus by Herodotus, part of the Internet Classics Archive. Herodotus. Their funeral rites (8). This time, the detention. returned, but the free Athenians had been able to survive his invasions. Intending to colonize Heraclea in Sicily, Dorieus goes to Italy, 510 BC. How the Egyptian Pharaoh Psammetichus (c. 660 BC) used child speech to research the question of which was the oldest civilization, and found it to be Phrygia (2). Darius agrees, and a large force is dispatched to Miletus, with Megabates (later the father-in-law of Pausanias) in charge (32). The second wife bears Cleomenes; but then the first wife bears surprise triplets: Dorieus, Leonidas, Cleombrotos (41). Citation of inscrips on tripods in temple of Apollo at Thebes supposed to illustrate similarity of Phoenician and Ionian lettering (59-60). Cleomenes, on learning that Susa is three months journey inland, rejects the appeal (50). by G. C. Macaulay (Gutenberg text) Herodotus: Euterpe: Being the Second Book of the Famous History of Herodotus (London: David Nutt, 1888), ed. at the Hellespont, but was to come back, as we will see below. The narration was solid, but not top shelf. In this section, Herodotus describes the Persian king Cambyses’ reign, conquest of Egypt, and descent into madness; the usurpation of the Persian throne by the Magi after Cambyses’ death; and the rise of Darius to power in Persia after a coup d’etat. Now the Perinthians had ere this been roughly handled by another nation, the Paeonians. Herodotus has 402 books on Goodreads with 141314 ratings. The tribal reforms analyzed as imitations of his maternal grandfather, Cleisthenes of Sicyon (ruled 600-570? It’s definitely not always a page-turner. Sign up | Log in. Onesilus plans to meet the Persian general himself, and plans with his servant to kill the man's horse when it rears up (111). How the cities treated their deposed despots leniently, except Coes; Aristagoras goes to Sparta to seek aid (38). She entered, and laid her garments on the chair, and Gyges gazed on her. As Irwin and Greenwood explain in their “Introduction: reading Herodotus, reading book 5” (pp. Twice Cleomenes had The Athenian support of the Ionian rebellion dovetails to a discussion of the founding of democracy in Athens after the tyrant Hippias is … Egypt. The Ionians win in the sea battle; Onesilus kills the Persian general, but then is killed himself, and the Cypriots are defeated, allegedly because of the treachery of the men of Curium, a city in the south-west (112-113). After consultation, it is decided that the Ionians will face the Phoenicians at sea, while the Cypriots resist the Persians on land (109). A delightful new translation of what is widely considered the first work of history and nonfiction. After it has been looted and the dead have been buried, the Greek allies move north, to the city of Thebes, which had supported the Persians.